The Sierra de Tramuntana is the highest mountain range and the most extensive natural area on Mallorca, representing a zone of great ecological value.
The range is approximately 90 km long, running from the cape of Formentor in Pollensa to the cape of Sa Mola in Andratx, with an average width of 15 km. It runs from south west to north east and 12 km2 of the range lies above 1,000 m, where there is an average of 14 days of snowfall per year.
The highest peaks on Mallorca are found in the central section of the range, with Puig Major (1,447 m), Massanella (1,352 m), Tossals Verds (1,115 m) and Puig Tomir (1,103 m).
These mountains occupy most of the land space within the municipalities of Andratx, Banyalbufar, Bunyola, Dei�, Escorca, Esporles, Estellencs, Fornalutx, Mancor de la Vall, Pollensa, Puigpunyent, Selva, S�ller and Valldemossa, as well as taking up a significant portion of the surface area of the municipalities of Alar�, Alc�dia, Calvi�, Campanet, Lloseta, Palma de Mallorca and Santa Maria del Cam�.
Man has inhabited this zone since prehistory. There are important ethnological features which show man�s presence and the exploitation of resources in the area, such as the areas where olive trees have been planted, charcoal stores, ice houses, lime ovens and numerous tracks which formed a communication network and which are now used by walkers, who find the most spectacular landscapes on Mallorca here, with the sea always forming a spectacular backdrop.
The land belongs to large estates, which have traditionally been in the hands of Mallorcan aristocracy and wealthy families, though some estates are publicly owned.